Towards Automated Screening of Literature on Artificial Intelligence in Nursing
Hans Moen, Dari Alhuwail, Jari Björne, Lori Block, Sven Celin, Eunjoo Jeon, Karl Kreiner, James Mitchell, Gabriela Ožegović, Charlene Esteban Ronquillo, Lydia Sequeira, Jude Tayaben, Maxim Topaz, Sai Pavan Kumar Veeranki, Laura-Maria Peltonen
We evaluate the performance of multiple text classification methods used to automate the screening of article abstracts in terms of their relevance to a topic of interest. The aim is to develop a system that can be first trained on a set of manually screened article abstracts before using it to identify additional articles on the same topic. Here the focus is on articles related to the topic “artificial intelligence in nursing”. Eight text classification methods are tested, as well as two simple ensemble systems. The results indicate that it is feasible to use text classification technology to support the manual screening process of article abstracts when conducting a literature review. The best results are achieved by an ensemble system, which achieves a F1-score of 0.41, with a sensitivity of 0.54 and a specificity of 0.96. Future work directions are discussed.
IOS Press, Inc.
6751 Tepper Drive
Clifton, VA 20124
Tel.: +1 703 830 6300
Fax: +1 703 830 2300 email@example.com
(Corporate matters and books only) IOS Press c/o Accucoms US, Inc.
For North America Sales and Customer Service
West Point Commons
Lansdale PA 19446
Tel.: +1 866 855 8967
Fax: +1 215 660 5042 firstname.lastname@example.org