Two different principles of solving the location-allocation problem – the minimum impedance and the maximum coverage principle – are compared for optimizing the location of healthcare and social service centers (HCs) in Satakunta, Finland. Optimization is performed using grid data on population density and age as well as digital road maps of the area. The results indicate that if the number of HCs is small (in our case, 4), the two models give similar results while when allowing more HCs (in our case, 7), the maximum coverage model comes up with more decentralized locations. The two models make different compromise between offering excellent accessibility (in terms of travel time to the service center) to most of the population versus offering reasonably good accessibility to the whole population.
IOS Press, Inc.
6751 Tepper Drive
Clifton, VA 20124
Tel.: +1 703 830 6300
Fax: +1 703 830 2300 firstname.lastname@example.org
(Corporate matters and books only) IOS Press c/o Accucoms US, Inc.
For North America Sales and Customer Service
West Point Commons
Lansdale PA 19446
Tel.: +1 866 855 8967
Fax: +1 215 660 5042 email@example.com