Entanglement represents a fundamental resource for quantum technologies, including quantum communication tasks. In this context, photons are the ideal physical systems due to their capability of carrying information over long distances. Hence, it is fundamental to design reliable sources of entangled photons in the telecom wavelength regime (around 1.55 μm), where optical fiber losses are low. In this paper we review different platforms used to generate telecom entangled photon pairs, and we focus in particular on an integrated source realized by the femtosecond laser writing (FLW) technique, which allows to devise stable and compact optical circuits in glass. We show how this technique can be employed to inscribe waveguides in nonlinear crystals for generation of telecom entangled photon pairs on a chip.
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