Silicon wafer defect data collected from fabrication facilities is intrinsically imbalanced because of the variable frequencies of defect types. Frequently occurring types will have more influence on the classification predictions if a model gets trained on such skewed data. A fair classifier for such imbalanced data requires a mechanism to deal with type imbalance in order to avoid biased results. This study has proposed a convolutional neural network for wafer map defect classification, employing oversampling as an imbalance addressing technique. To have an equal participation of all classes in the classifier’s training, data augmentation has been employed, generating more samples in minor classes. The proposed deep learning method has been evaluated on a real wafer map defect dataset and its classification results on the test set returned a 97.91% accuracy. The results were compared with another deep learning based auto-encoder model demonstrating the proposed method, a potential approach for silicon wafer defect classification that needs to be investigated further for its robustness.
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