The nature of cyber risks is distinctly different in several dimensions from other risks in shipping and transport. This article explores these differences and describes the results of a research process to categorize published literature about cyber-risks in supply chain and shipping, through a framework called the Wave Analogy of Resilience. By using this wave analogy, this article describes a way of organizing this categorization, and describes how it can be used to understand both how a shipping system failure results in a cyber-attack, and how this cyber-attack will increasingly affect areas in the shipping system, from operational to strategic, until the attack is stopped.
IOS Press, Inc.
6751 Tepper Drive
Clifton, VA 20124
Tel.: +1 703 830 6300
Fax: +1 703 830 2300 email@example.com
(Corporate matters and books only) IOS Press c/o Accucoms US, Inc.
For North America Sales and Customer Service
West Point Commons
Lansdale PA 19446
Tel.: +1 866 855 8967
Fax: +1 215 660 5042 firstname.lastname@example.org