Sensitive data is normally required to develop rule-based or train machine learning-based models for de-identifying electronic health record (EHR) clinical notes; and this presents important problems for patient privacy. In this study, we add non-sensitive public datasets to EHR training data; (i) scientific medical text and (ii) Wikipedia word vectors. The data, all in Swedish, is used to train a deep learning model using recurrent neural networks. Tests on pseudonymized Swedish EHR clinical notes showed improved precision and recall from 55.62% and 80.02% with the base EHR embedding layer, to 85.01% and 87.15% when Wikipedia word vectors are added. These results suggest that non-sensitive text from the general domain can be used to train robust models for de-identifying Swedish clinical text; and this could be useful in cases where the data is both sensitive and in low-resource languages.
IOS Press, Inc.
6751 Tepper Drive
Clifton, VA 20124
Tel.: +1 703 830 6300
Fax: +1 703 830 2300 firstname.lastname@example.org
(Corporate matters and books only) IOS Press c/o Accucoms US, Inc.
For North America Sales and Customer Service
West Point Commons
Lansdale PA 19446
Tel.: +1 866 855 8967
Fax: +1 215 660 5042 email@example.com