This publication is a product of the joint effort between several experienced lecturers that were actively involved in the NATO Science for Peace and Security Advanced Training Course entitled “Toward effective cyber defense in accordance with the rules of law”, held in Ohrid, Republic of North Macedonia in November 2019. We want to share our work by publishing a series of papers that will provide a deeper understanding of the specific topics presented for diverse scholars, professionals in both the public and private sector and the general public.
The NATO SPS ATC welcomed talented professionals and scholars who demonstrated that we should not underestimate the power of the information and communication technologies in our daily personal and professional life. Information and communication technologies (ICT) play an important role in the South Eastern European (SEE) societies. Cyberspace is a widespread, interconnected digital technology domain and it underlies societies’ communications (email, cell phones, texting), transportation (traffic control signals, car engine systems, airplane navigation), state administration (birth/death records, social security, licensing, tax records), finance (bank accounts, loans, electronic paychecks), medicine (equipment, medical records), and education (virtual classrooms, online report cards, research). During the last decade, the digital revolution in the SEE countries’ has given more people access to communication, education, and news than ever before.
In some cases, limitations in technology resources have limited the capabilities of governments to respond to the ever-evolving challenges of defending the cyber domain. But in general, SEE countries have paid appropriate attention in developing cyber defense capacities. Most of the events and efforts in these areas have focused on raising awareness about the general necessity of building cyber defense capacities, such as operational and technical aspects. It is vital to recognize that the problem is not limited to government, but is equally targeting the private sector.
While the laws of each nation differ, recognizing and acting on the legal aspects of cyber defense have marginally been considered. Given that the Rule of Law is an important element in NATO’s mission, raising the awareness and introducing best practices in cyber defense in accordance with the Rule of Law is important for the region of Southeast Europe. Accordingly, the NATO SPS ATC “Toward effective cyber defense in accordance with the rules of law” covers the peacetime legal aspects governing cyber defense and international law of armed conflict applicable to cyber defense.
Topics were carefully chosen to cover issues in laws and regulations, cyber defense policies and their practical implementation.
Many thanks for the unselfish effort given by the various speakers at the NATO SPS ATC Toward Effective Cyber Defense in Accordance with the Rules of Law and their contributions to this publication.
We hope that you will find the information interesting and useful.
Thank you for reading this publication.