This chapter gives an overview of research into psychological and neurobiological factors involved in an individual’s resilience to traumatic stress. Resilience is a multifaceted construct and can be defined as (the capacity for) the dynamic process encompassing positive protection from, adaptation to or significant rapid recovery within the context of significant adversity. An extensive body of research in the psychological and psychosocial domain of resilience has identified a range of intra and interpersonal psychobiological factors, dimensions and constructs of various complexity, ranging from attentional control to optimism. Neurobiological research is still lagging behind, but studies in professionals implicate the stress-axis and various neurotransmitter systems and neuropeptides. Recent neuroimaging studies point at specific patterns of structural and functional connectivity in resilience, with a key role for the salience network.
IOS Press, Inc.
6751 Tepper Drive
Clifton, VA 20124
Tel.: +1 703 830 6300
Fax: +1 703 830 2300 email@example.com
(Corporate matters and books only) IOS Press c/o Accucoms US, Inc.
For North America Sales and Customer Service
West Point Commons
Lansdale PA 19446
Tel.: +1 866 855 8967
Fax: +1 215 660 5042 firstname.lastname@example.org