Armed conflicts, persecution, human rights violations and related poverty and trauma have led to humanitarian disasters across the world: forced displacement of millions of people. The reasons of forced displacement are complex, including political, economic, legal and psycho-social factors. Masses of civilians flee from their homes and home countries, where they face severely traumatizing violent acts, with the hope of re-settling in a safe humane environment. Mental health problems related to armed conflicts and forced displacement constitute a serious public mental health problem. Forcibly displaced people flee their homes and home countries due to violence and threat to their lives and those of their families. People forced to leave their psychosocial support systems are under threat in all areas of attachment, mastery, and survival. Almost all attachments are left behind, degree of mastery is decreased; the nutrition of the self and the self-image are devastated. Basic needs for survival maintained mostly in the mercy of others. Refugees fleeing with few possessions leading to neighboring or more developed countries face various life-threatening risks before, during and after displacement, and they have nowhere to return. A refugee is a person who has lost the past for an unknown future. Experiences of loss and threat of loss are imprinted in their selves causing depressive and anxiety states, and triggering mental disorders including, but not limited to, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. There is increasing evidence that over half of refugees and asylum seekers suffer from mental disorders in the short/medium term, and specific groups (e.g., elderly, unaccompanied children, single mothering, and people with disabilities) are under higher risk. In the long term, mental disorders tend to be highly prevalent in war refugees even many years after resettlement. This may not only be a consequence of exposure to wartime trauma but is also influenced by post-displacement socio-economic factors and discrimination enforced by racism. Furthermore, evidence show that perceived racial discrimination is a significant risk factor for mental health problems. In fact, “we are seeing here the immense costs of not ending wars, of failing to resolve or prevent conflicts.” Forcibly displaced people are not the cradle of terrorism but the victims and survivors of violence itself. Albeit the widespread exercise of violence and discrimination, peoples of the world also have a long history of implementing more integrative means of solving conflicts between in-groups and out-groups, thus leading to a more non-violent, egalitarian and peaceful human existence. Psychiatry and mental health workers are facing the mental health consequences of forced displacement across the world. A challenge here is both consolidating the psychiatric / medical services and avoiding the medicalization of social phenomena at the same time.