This study proposes a data labelling scheme for bed position classification task. The labelling scheme provides a set of bed position for the purpose of preventing the bed fall and bedsore injuries which seriously imperil the aging people health. Most of the elderly fall down when they attempt to get out of bed with unassisted bed exit. Also, there is a high possibility of rolling out of bed when an elderly lies close to the edge of the bed. In addition, a bedridden person, who cannot reposition by him/herself, has a high risk of bedsores. Repositioning in every two hours alleviates the prolonged pressure over on the body. We collected the data from a specific set of bed sensor and classified the signal into five positions on the bed, which are off-bed, sitting, lying center, lying left, and lying right. These five positions are the fundamental information for developing a model to capture the movement of the elderly on the bed. The precaution strategy is then able to be designed for the bed fall and bedsore prevention. The data of the five different positions are manually annotated by observing the synchronized video through a specially designed workbench. The combination of the positions of off-bed, sitting, and lying is used to detect a bed exit situation, and the combination of the positions in the lying state, i.e. lying center, lying left, and lying right, is used to detect the rolling out of bed situation. Moreover, to notify for reposition assisting in the bedridden, the three lying positions are used to calculate the time of the abiding position.
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