Behavioral analysis for identifying changes in cognitive and physical functioning is expected to help detect dementia such as mild cognitive impairment (MCI) at an early stage. Speech and gait features have been especially recognized as behavioral biomarkers for dementia that possibly occur early in its course, including MCI. However, there are no studies investigating whether exploiting the combination of multimodal behavioral data could improve detection accuracy. In this study, we collected speech and gait behavioral data from Japanese seniors consisting of cognitively healthy adults and patients with MCI. Comparing the models using single modality behavioral data, we showed that the model using multimodal behavioral data could improve detection by up to 5.9%, achieving 82.4% accuracy (chance 55.9%). Our results suggest that the combination of multimodal behavioral features capturing different functional changes resulting from dementia might improve accuracy and help timely diagnosis at an early stage.
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