Although some studies have shown that obesity and other non-communicable diseases are more common in more disadvantaged areas, no publications to date have examined the interaction of obesity with urban and rural disadvantage in lower-income countries. This study analyzed the rates of obesity and underweight in disadvantaged urban women and disadvantaged rural women in 31 lower-income countries, and calculated the age-adjusted odds ratios of urban vs. rural obesity and underweight. The odds of obesity were significantly (p<0.05) higher for urban populations in 16 of the 31 countries and in all aggregated regions; the evidence that underweight is also associated more with urban populations was mixed. Because obesity is a rapidly-growing threat to the public health and financial strength of lower-income countries, and urban disadvantage is associated with more obesity than rural disadvantage, policymakers should work to understand, predict, and prevent obesity in urban populations specifically.
IOS Press, Inc.
6751 Tepper Drive
Clifton, VA 20124
Tel.: +1 703 830 6300
Fax: +1 703 830 2300 email@example.com
(Corporate matters and books only) IOS Press c/o Accucoms US, Inc.
For North America Sales and Customer Service
West Point Commons
Lansdale PA 19446
Tel.: +1 866 855 8967
Fax: +1 215 660 5042 firstname.lastname@example.org