The internal security of a country, based on human rights and rights of ethnic, religious, linguistic minorities, is a valuable contribution to international security, while religious extremism constitutes a potential threat to national and international security. Albanian national conscience has been formed on common language and traditions. Religion in Albania has not been a factor of State formation and national unity. Coexistence among the different religions, appreciated as religious harmony, was reinforced by the closing down of mosques and churches by the communist regime for 25 years. Radicalism is the process of adoption of extremist systems of beliefs, including their readiness to use, support and facilitate violence as a method to bring about social change. The misuse and misinterpretation of Islam for political aims has brought what is known as Islamic radicalism or extremism, getting up to terrorism. Islam is a peaceful belief, while Islamic minorities guided by extremist ideologies resorting to terrorist methods seek to establish an Islamic kingdom led by the Sharia law interpretation. It is a dynamic process that may be accelerated, slowed down and in some cases, reversed. But there is a tendency to keep silent on the situation. The lack of open public debate within the Muslim community itself in Albania, in the name of preserving the image of Islam religion as a universal, trans-cultural and trans-historic religion, induces to avoid the problem rather than to confront it.
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