Identity is a potent force in today's world, often shaped by social organizations. The paper explores critical factors, the ‘lenses’ of cultural, linguistic, socialization and civilizational identities leading to to tribalism. Identity politics are used by minority and civil rights organizations to form a coalition with or against members of the majority. It is often connected to the concepts of deprivation, repression and oppression of one or more minorities in a State. Political tribalism and amoral familism are based on this belief that if it is good for the family (tribe), then it is “good” and no further moral, ethical, or other questioning need to occur. One-third of the world's population lives in such “back-sliding democracy”, in which authoritarian traits are on the rise. Awareness and understanding of multiple identities are crucial when considering propensity for or against violence or illicit activities. Determining political, legal and institutional frameworks for trustfully addressing a multicultural society, and accommodating its multiple, diverse characteristics are critical for the development and prosperity of a State and its citizens.
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