Early implementation of electronic health records and patient portals had great promise of addressing the widening disparities in health. However, recent research has found that not only are these disparities persisting, but the differences in health outcomes between populations are increasing. Addressing this gap specific to ehealth calls for attention to health equity. Health equity approaches reveal the systematic and societal structures that contribute to preventable and unjust outcomes for different populations. To conceptualize and apply a health equity approach within ehealth, we propose the eHealth Equity Framework (eHEF). Derived from the World Health Organization's conceptual framework for actions on the social determinants of health, eHEF can be useful for public health practitioners, researchers, policymakers and information technology designers to keep health equity agenda at the forefront of all stages of health information technology lifecycle.
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