The amount of chlorophyll in a plant can indicate leaf N concentration, as chlorophyll is a major component of nitrogen. Identifying chlorophyll levels in plants, therefore, leads to appropriate nitrogen fertilizer recommendations for the plants and to their fertilization at the proper time, optimizing efficiency of agricultural production and helping to preserve the environment by reducing excess use of nitrogen fertilizer. Measuring leaf N concentration in a high accuracy laboratory is expensive and time consuming, whereas a SPAD chlorophyll handheld meter can be carried conveniently in the field and can assess rapidly. However, the handheld meter's capacity is limited, especially in large areas, where samples must be taken to represent an area. The use of vegetation indices calculated from UAV imagery and correlated with SPAD values enables better estimations of N leaf concentrations over large areas. The result showed that relationship between NDVI and SPAD value (chlorophyll contents) of waxy corn (Zea mays L. var. ceratina) at V6 and R1 stage in R2 were 0.594 and 0.632, respectively. The results of this study are beneficial for knowing the amount of chlorophyll in plants, which can result in accurate nitrogen fertilizer requirements and better administration of management zones in precision agriculture.
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