Unplanned hospital readmissions are a burden to the healthcare system and to the patients. To lower the readmission rates, machine learning approaches can be used to create predictive models, with the intention to provide actionable information for caregivers. According to the German Diagnosis Related Groups (G-DRG) system, for every stay in a German hospital, data are collected for the subsequent reimbursement calculations. After statistical evaluation, these data are summarised in the yearly updated Case Fee Catalogue, which not only contains the weights for the reimbursement calculations, but also the expected length of stay values. The aim of the present paper was to evaluate potential enhancements of the prediction accuracy of our 30-day readmission prediction model by utilising additional information from the Case Fee Catalogue. A bagged ensemble of 25 regression trees was applied to §21 datasets from five independent German hospitals from 2013 to 2017, resulting in 422,597 cases. The overall model showed an area under the receiver operating characteristics curve of 0.812. Three of the top five features ranked by out of bag feature importance emerged from the Case Fee Catalogue. We conclude, that additional information from the Case Fee Catalogue can enhance the accuracy of 30-day readmission prediction.
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