Logistics is a service-oriented industry. Trends like outsourcing and concentration on core competencies require logistics service providers to collaborate with each other and compose their services in order to fulfill complex customer demands. The idea of generic logistics service building blocks helps to make composition of logistics services more easy in general. The composition of logistics services from different providers is a challenging task due to the semantic gap of differing wordings, descriptions and IT-systems. With a central ontology design pattern for such logistics service building blocks, the semantic gap can be closed. Data and information (of services) from different providers can be made available, linked and interchanged easily within the network. Virtualized resources and digitalized collaboration are supported and the disruptive paradigm of cloud logistics is enabled.
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