In clinical practice, many patients may have unknown or missing values for some predictors, causing that the developed risk models cannot be directly applied on these patients. In this paper, we propose an incremental learning approach to apply a developed risk model on new patients with unknown predictor values, which imputes a patient's unknown values based on his/her k-nearest neighbors (k-NN) from the incremental population. We perform a real world case study by developing a risk prediction model of stroke for patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus from EHR data, and incrementally applying the risk model on a sequence of new patients. The experimental results show that our risk prediction model of stroke has good prediction performance. And the k-nearest neighbors based incremental learning approach for data imputation can gradually increase the prediction performance when the model is applied on new patients.
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