The purpose of the present study was to propose a method to measure a respiration rate (RR) and depth at once through difference in temperature between the skin surface and nostril by using a thermal image. Although there have been a lot of devices for contact RR monitoring, it was considered that the subjects could be inconvenienced by having the sensing device in contact with their body. Our algorithm enabled us to make a breathing periodic function (BPF) under the non-contact and non-invasive condition through temperature differences near the nostril during the breath. As a result, it was proved that our proposed method was able to classify differences in breathing pattern between normal, deep, and shallow breath (P < 0.001). These results lead us to conclude that the RR and depth is simultaneously measured by the proposed algorithm of BPF without any contact or invasive procedure.
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