This chapter explores mutually reinforcing steps that governments in the United States and Europe have taken to counter the Islamic State (IS) on- and offline. It argues that while operations since 2014 have significantly reduced the group's attractive power and military capacity, additional measures against the digital and physical caliphates can and should be taken. The chapter outlines strategies that would build on recent successes against IS, recognizing that the group's ultimate demise will be a long-term project requiring measures beyond what Western states can or should do alone.
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