The wars that ravaged the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) in the late twentieth century were formally brought to an end with the Global Accord of 2002. Yet violent conflict involving armed groups and State security agents continues and may well increase further as political tensions mount in the country and the region. Women's experience of the conflict—particularly as victims of sexual violence—has come to international attention, not least through the framework of United Nations Security Council resolution 1325. This article draws on extensive research conducted in the DRC between 2006 and 2015 to analyse the 1325 National Action Plan (2010) and to identify the opportunities and constraints the 1325 framework presents for women and girls in the DRC. It closes by recommending ways in which donors in the DRC and in other contexts may promote gender equality and women's participation through and beyond the 1325+ framework.
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