‘Hard power’ criminal offences and ‘soft power’ policy programs are both required to counter the threat of online extremism. However, the lines between these two approaches can blur significantly in practice. This chapter considers the overlap and interaction between the UK's counter-terrorism laws and its Prevent strategy. It argues that overlap between these hard and soft power approaches creates substantial confusion over the lines between lawful and unlawful online conduct, and generates damaging perceptions about the motives behind a government's soft power responses to terrorism.
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