This chapter looks at the foreign fighters coming from the Netherlands. Firstly, it will present facts and figures about the Dutch foreign fighter phenomenon, and compare this information to what is known about other European foreign fighters. The second part of the paper will look at the response to the foreign fighter phenomenon: how has it made its way into threat assessments and what kind of policies have been developed to respond to this development? The chapter concludes that the Netherlands has seen large numbers of citizens leaving for Syria and Iraq, but that it has not witnessed any concrete jihadist plots linked to foreign fighters on its own soil. However, it has been confronted with other developments that show that the transnational threat of foreign fighters is also real for the Netherlands.
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