A focus on resilience shifts attention from what causes young people to radicalize to explaining the protective and promotive factors and processes that inhibit violence. This paper uses case examples to examine the culturally and contextually relevant processes that make young people resilient. It also shows that the absence of these factors puts children at risk of violence. Using a social-ecological lens to examine the way communities can prevent violence, a complex multisystemic understanding of resilience is discussed that details nine experiences which predict positive outcomes. Application of this model to individuals and communities in the Balkans that have been affected by war and mass migrations can help to inform interventions to prevent politically and religiously motivated violence.
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