The ability to form orientationally highly selective bonds makes the so-called inverse patchy colloids (IPCs) — i.e., spherical colloids with heterogeneously charged surfaces — excellent building entities in targeted self-assembly processes into highly complex, ordered structures. IPCs turn out to be ideal candidates to form highly stable layered phases, i.e., structures that are difficult to self-assemble with conventional patchy particles. In this chapter we trace this particular ability of IPCs starting out from two-dimensional setups and arriving eventually at the phase diagram of three dimensional systems. Static and dynamic properties of the ensuing phases are discussed.
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