This article offers a general perspective on the involvement of NATO, the EU and the OSCE in the handling of the Russia–Ukraine conflict in terms of interim lessons learned and best practices for exerting international efforts to bring peace and security in the region amid the ongoing deep European security crisis. The authors believe that Ukraine, as a host country, relies too much on international support in resolving this crisis, this being partially triggered by the ineffective policy of the same international players that are now being called upon for support. The authors consider the level of involvement and practical assistance of the above-mentioned organizations in solving the Russia-Ukraine conflict to be rather different than what is generally supposed, while the issue of there being competition between them is not regarded as a serious one. In the authors' opinion, the current efforts of all these organizations are oriented mainly toward crisis management activities related to stabilizing and legitimizing the situation, in order to bring about a formal opportunity to carry out their “business as usual” crisis management activities oriented toward “freezing” conflicts. With the above-mentioned evolving “hybrid” security context in mind, a set of practical recommendations is elaborated with the aim of maintaining a win-win approach and finding ways to work together more effectively, prevent a duplication of efforts, and reinforce the full coherence and synergy of collective actions and responsibility, especially on the ground.
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