Despite the creation of new legal instruments to combat nuclear terrorism, there is a growing division between binding and non-binding international legal basis. Igor Khripunov defines hard and soft law to enumerate the actual distinctions between the two. This duality can be utilized to assist states in the implementation process, but it also poses challenges. Specific steps, outlined by Khripunov, must be taken in order to identify synergies and cull overlaps. Walter Gehr offers a legal perspective, addressing counterterrorism through the means of criminal law. He outlines the counter terrorism regimes that formed in the wake of 9/11, and notes that the counterterrorism conventions are not for diplomatic ends, but the law enforcement officials within states. Domestic legislation is then essential for states' compliance with these international conventions, and steps must be taken to facilitate the passing of this legislation. Gehr presents solutions: awareness raising, training criminal justice officials, and promoting a legislative database.
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