As Carlton Stoiber remarks, “There is no single primary instrument that establishes the basic legal regime for addressing nuclear security or terrorism.” As such, numerous regimes cover various aspects of the encompassing nuclear security regime. Stoiber notes that this name may in fact be misleading, citing the difference between nuclear and radiological terrorism. Regardless of the name though, nuclear security is not alone in the fight against terrorism; there are many synergies between safety and security, thus legal instruments developed for safety can apply to security. Some key nuclear security regimes, the Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material, the International Convention for the Suppression of Actions of Nuclear Terrorism, and the IAEA Code of Conduct, are discussed in detail to emphasize the crowd of complex regimes and the challenge they pose to states implementing national legislation.
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