Afghanistan is the source of approximately 90% of the world's opium. This paper explains how the opium is smuggled through the Caucasus and the Black Sea en route to Europe and America, and how this drug trafficking nourishes separatist ambitions and armed conflicts in several Black Sea countries. The traffickers compromise and challenge international assistance programs in the region, and exert a corrupting influence on the local economies, politics and societies along the trafficking routes.
IOS Press, Inc.
6751 Tepper Drive
Clifton, VA 20124
Tel.: +1 703 830 6300
Fax: +1 703 830 2300 email@example.com
(Corporate matters and books only) IOS Press c/o Accucoms US, Inc.
For North America Sales and Customer Service
West Point Commons
Lansdale PA 19446
Tel.: +1 866 855 8967
Fax: +1 215 660 5042 firstname.lastname@example.org