Regardless of size and the level of threat it generates to the state and society, terror is considered as an internal threat in democratic systems. Terrorists are not the enemy to be destroyed but the criminal citizens of the respective country. The fight against terrorism, therefore, has to be carried out accordingly. The concept of “war against terror” can only be used metaphorically. But in real terms terror has to be solved by counter-terror methods, not by an all out war. This work, which is based on two types of terrorist threats in Turkey, will dicuss the advantages and disadvantages of classifying terror as an internal threat. The first example is the PKK terror which has been ongoing since the mid 1980s and the second example is the recent attacks on two synagogues in Istanbul.
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