We developed an approach for assessing the risk of injury and property damage for a proposed county animal control facility to be sited near the bulk fuel storage facility of a major regional airport. The property available for the county facility was attractive given the price, location, and accessibility. The agency charged with siting the animal control facility was concerned about the bulk fuel facility for two reasons: first, under normal operations there could be a catastrophic event resulting in an explosion or fire that could damage the county facility, or, second, a terrorist attack on the bulk fuel facility could result in an explosion or fire that could damage the county facility. We performed a risk analysis of internal failures and external threats that could cause a catastrophic event at the bulk fuel facility that, in turn, could cause damage to the proposed facility or injuries to the occupants. The risk analysis approach involved the evaluation of the following fuel facility systems and features: discharge prevention systems; inspections, tests, and records; bulk storage tank design; personnel and training; and emergency response plans. The risk analysis of external threats, e.g., terrorist attacks, was performed by evaluating the attractiveness of fuel facilities in general as terrorist targets, the attractiveness of this bulk fuel facility in particular, and the vulnerability of the bulk fuel facility.
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