Over the last five years, we have developed a range of stochastic techniques for simulating the evacuation of public building including hospitals, entertainment complexes, a sports stadium, office buildings and concourse areas in an underground train system. This paper describes how simulations are developed from an initial risk assessment, through the integration of 3D architectural models and simulations of crowd behavior to the validation of results against ‘live’ evacuation drills and information about previous evacuations. The motivation behind this work is to support a form of 'mitigation engineering'. Evacuation simulations help us to reduce the consequences associated with a broad range of adverse events including fires, structural collapses and terrorist actions.
IOS Press, Inc.
6751 Tepper Drive
Clifton, VA 20124
Tel.: +1 703 830 6300
Fax: +1 703 830 2300 email@example.com
(Corporate matters and books only) IOS Press c/o Accucoms US, Inc.
For North America Sales and Customer Service
West Point Commons
Lansdale PA 19446
Tel.: +1 866 855 8967
Fax: +1 215 660 5042 firstname.lastname@example.org