In the globalization age, a second language can play an important role in collaboration between different countries. Text-based communication is slower than voice-based communication, but the slowness could allow enough thinking time to lead to good collaboration. Some effects of a second language on a text-shared collaboration task were investigated, namely the distributed and cooperative KJ methods in which stickies are used for writing and sharing opinions. The collaboration task consists of three steps: inputting opinions, grouping opinions, and writing a conclusion. Thirty Chinese students took part in the experiments to investigate the effects. A group of three students carried out the collaboration task twice; one case used the Japanese language as a second language and the other case used the Chinese language as a native language. Those results were compared in terms of quantity and quality by means of a log data analysis, a questionnaire survey, and a writing satisfaction valuation as the final result. The results showed that (1) Chinese people using the Japanese language produced similar Chinese language usage result quantities and quality and (2) the ability to think about 80 percent of opinions in the Japanese language could be required to obtain those results. These results mean that text-based collaboration could be a useful tool for a collaborator using a second language.
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