The virtual reality arthroscopic knee simulator (VR-AKS) consists of a computer platform, a video display, and two force-feedback (haptic) interfaces which also monitor the position of the instruments in the user's hands. The forces that the user would normally apply to the lower limb during arthroscopy are directed through an instrumented surrogate leg. Proprietary software furnishes the mathematical representation of the physical world and replicates the visual, mechanical, and behavioral aspects of the knee while task-oriented programs monitor and record specific areas of user performance. A prototype has demonstrated the feasibility of the system and work on the first, fully functional simulator will begin soon.
IOS Press, Inc.
4502 Rachael Manor drive
Fairfax, VA 22032
Tel.: +1 703 323 5600
Fax: +1 703 323 3668 firstname.lastname@example.org
(Corporate matters and books only) IOS Press c/o Accucoms US, Inc.
For North America Sales and Customer Service
West Point Commons
Lansdale PA 19446
Tel.: +1 866 855 8967
Fax: +1 215 660 5042 email@example.com